Palestine – Israel Journal on 1325

Contents
Editorial: 1325, Peace, and Security in the Shadow of COVID-19 ………………………….6
In Memoriam: Saeb Erekat ……………………………………………………………………..9
Focus: Women, Peace and Security
Introduction
Women, Peace and Security ……………………………………………………………………………….11
Bärbel Kofler
1325 in the Context of the Middle East Conflict …………………………………………………….12
Women were massively underrepresented in past peace negotiations between the Israeli
and Palestinian Governments; future initiatives on the part of Israeli and Palestinian
civil society should work to increase the participation of women.
Frances Raday, Khuloud Dajani, Galit Hasan-Rokem, and Lucy Nusseibeh
Changing the Mindset: Equalities Across the Occupation Lines ……………………………..15
The full realization of gender equality is imperative because women can shift the
paradigm from military to human security and from victimhood to inclusive humanity
and transform the unequal power dynamics of Israel-Palestine relations.
Naomi Chazan
Israel, Palestine, and UNSC Resolution 1325: Then and Now ………………………………..23
The campaign for the substantive implementation of 1325 in Israel and Palestine, after
many years of joint, parallel, and separate action and multiple detours and setbacks, is
finally beginning to mature — albeit against an even more challenging reality.
Lucy Nusseibeh
1325 Still Promising? ……………………………………………………………………………………….29
To make the most of the potential of 1325, we need to ensure that enough women with
a good understanding of gender and from a wide range of backgrounds are at the table
and to challenge traditional gender norms, address traditional patriarchal mindsets, and
shift traditional structural power imbalances.
Shiri Levinas
Resolution 1325 – Marginalization and Participation in Israeli Women’s Peace
Movements ……………………………………………………………………………………………………..36
Increasing women’s representation in peace movements requires an intersectional
approach to addressing collective identities, issues of diversity and privilege, women’s
sense of irrelevance, and the threat of violence.
Nivine Sandouka
The Unique Case of Palestinian Women in East Jerusalem …………………………………….44
Women in East Jerusalem suffer equally from the political oppression of occupation
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and from gender norms that restrict their access to a proper education and employment,
a situation that has deteriorated since the signing of the Oslo Accords and the shift of
Palestinian political activity to Ramallah.
Galia Golan
An Analysis of UNSC Resolution 1325
The unproven argument that women should be included in decision-making regarding
war, peace, and security because they bring something unique to the table — the
presumption that they are more peace-loving — risks confining women only to matters
of “soft security.” ……………………………………………………………………………………………..51
Cora Weiss
Implementing 1325: One Woman Does Not Women Make ………………………………………55
We have a long way to go before we are sitting, not as one woman but as women, at
the tables where decisions about war and peace are made.
Nadia Naser-Najjab
The Challenge of Implementing UNSC Resolution 1325 Under Colonial Rule
The resolution’s call on states to “protect women and girls from gender-based violence”
is not applied in the Occupied Palestinian Territories, where the Israeli state is directly
responsible for this violence. ……………………………………………………………………………..57
Baria Yussef Ahmar
Women: The Future of Humankind …………………………………………………………………65
Including women in peacemaking processes adds a broader range of perspectives
and enhances the ability of peacemakers to address the concerns of a wider range of
stakeholders, which, in turn, leads to more sustainable peace.
Sarai B. Aharoni
No Entry: How Israeli Women Were Barred from Peacemaking …………………………….70
The full inclusion of women and other minority groups in future attempts to resolve
regional conflicts requires tackling the structural and cultural forces that have prevented
it, namely, the reemergence of conservative values and right-wing politics and the
“switching” of “security” for “faith.”
Alaa Murrar
Celebrating 20 years of 1325: The Occupation and Violence Against Palestinian
Women…………………………………………………………………………………………………………76
No practical decisions and steps have been taken to achieve actual change on the
ground to ensure the rights of Palestinian women, who suffer from violence stemming
from the Israeli occupation and repressive measures, political paralysis, an outdated
legal system, poverty and unemployment, and the effects of the coronavirus pandemic.
Mavic Cabrera-Balleza
Taking Stock of the Second Decade of Resolution 1325: Some Progress, but… …………80
To address persistent gaps in implementation and accountability, we need to change policy
and the decision-making culture and shift from hard, state-centric, militarized approaches
to security to prevention-based, community-driven, human security approaches.
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Nadia Harhash
Palestinian Women’s Organizations Trapped by International Conventions ………………86
Although the Palestinian women’s movement that emerged during the Mandate was
linked to, and made important contributions to, the national agenda, since the 1990s
women have become subordinate to men in the Palestinian political sphere and their
rights have become dependent on international laws.
Frances Raday
The Importance of Realizing 1325 in Israel: A Challenge Against All the Odds …………94
Israel’s failure to adopt a National Action Plan to implement Resolution 1325
demonstrates a policy of indifference to the need to act to achieve equality for women,
which is particularly egregious in the context of the ongoing armed conflict.
Nida Bitar
UNSC Resolution 1325 and CEDAW: Distinct yet Complementary …………………………99
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 and the Convention on the
Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women can be used together
to expand, strengthen, and operationalize gender equality in the context of conflict,
peacebuilding, and post-conflict reconstruction.
Paula Banerjee
Women Peace and Security in the Context of India ………………………………………………105
While women have long been involved in peacemaking efforts, Resolution 1325 has
been ineffective because it neither recognized women’s civil society groups already
active in the field nor was enforced
Anat Thon-Ashkenazy
1325 As an Important Resource for Advancing Israeli-Palestinian Peace ……………….112
The Civil Society Action Plan redefined “security” to include many voices among
women’s organizations and show that any change in the concept of women’s
representation and protection requires a broad concept of security.
Huda Abuarquob
Promoting Implementation of Resolution 1325 in Palestine ………………………………….119
For women to be able to play leading roles in peacebuilding in Palestine and around
the world, some radical, comprehensive, and sustainable changes in the educational
system are needed first.
Srruthi Lekha Raaja Elango
1325 and 2250: The Responsibility to Protect Both Women and Youth ……………………….125
The implementation of international human rights protections such as UNSCR 1325
and 2250 and the Responsibility to Protect doctrine is more than an obligation if we
are to attain justice, peace, security, and democracy in the region; it is the future.
Heidi Meinzolt
Women Are the Solution for a Peaceful and Just Future ……………………………………….128
Since the adoption of Resolution 1325, women are no longer seen primarily as victims
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of war and conflict but rather as agents of change, yet are still not regarded as equal
partners in decision-making processes.
Sister Jayanti
Feminine Leadership Comes from Within but Can Change the World ……………………….130
Whether in politics, economics, or the environment, it is obvious that coercive “hard
power” is no longer working, whereas the principles of “soft power” — using empathy
and understanding to encourage cooperation and peace — can create lasting change.
Karin Nordmeyer
Call to Action on Women’s Rights ………………………………………………………………..134
Twenty years after Resolution 1325, there is insufficient political will to implement
the provisions, so civil society must once again play an essential role in bringing this
agenda to life.
Izzeldin Abueleaish
The Impact of Armed Conflict on Women Should be faced with courage and
determination …………………………………………………………………………………………….141
There can be no peace without women and without respect for human rights; working
toward gender equality is vital if we are to achieve a just peace between Palestinians
and Israelis.
Roundtable
Women, Peace, and Security ……………………………………………………………………….145
Hind Khoury, Tahani Abu Daqqa, Randa Siniora, Dr. Khuloud Dajani, Etti Livni, Colette
Avital, Prof. Daphna Hacker, Tal Schneider, Karin Nordmeyer, Ursula Mindermann,
Ina Darmstaedter, Srruthi Lekha Raaja Elango. Moderated by Galia Golan and Lucy
Nusseibeh.
Viewpoints
Hillel Schenker
What the Biden Administration Can Do to Help Advance Israeli-Palestinian Peace
We should ask of the incoming U.S. Administration to declare clear support for the
two-state solution, to rebuild its relationship with the Palestinians, and back multilateral
peace initiatives. …………………………………………………………………………………………….165
Susie Becher
Will Biden Recognize the Moral Imperative to End the Occupation? ……………………….171
Renewing aid, including funding for UNRWA and USAID operations in Palestine;
reopening the PLO Mission in Washington; and reopening the U.S. Consulate in East
Jerusalem as a direct channel to Ramallah would constitute important first steps, but the
Biden administration must do more to get the two sides back to the negotiating table.
Abigail Rose McCall
Sir Vincent Fean and the Question: Could a New U.S. President Mean a New PalestineIsrael? ………………………………………………………………………………………………………175
In a talk he gave in November, Sir Vincent Fean, former British consul general in
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Jerusalem, highlighted the dangers and opportunities the new U.S. Administration
will face in the region and called on the international community to more forcefully
push for policy that is “action-oriented and … consequence-oriented on illegality.”
Culture
Salma Arraf-Baker
Palestinian Heritage … An Act of Resistance and a Battle for Existence …………………..180
In the context of hegemony and occupation, the preservation of cultural heritage is
at the heart of the national struggle due to its association with memory and its role
as a tool of resistance against the obliteration and falsification of the history of the
Palestinian people.
Rita Mendes-Flohr
Art and Activism: Dilemma, Dialectic, Duet? …………………………………………………….183
Tamar Hess
First Person, Identification, and Collective Guilt in Israeli Women’s Poetry ……………186
Palestinian Poetry
Mohammad al-As’ad
A Song ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….191
Mai Sayigh
Elegy for Imm ‘Ali ………………………………………………………………………………………….191
Book Reviews
Ian S. Lustick, Paradigm Lost: From Two-State Solution to One-State Reality. Reviewed
by Naomi Chazan ………………………………………………………………………………………193
Companions in Conflict: Animals in Occupied Palestine, by Penny Johnson. Reviewed
by Rosemary Sayigh …………………………………………………………………………………..198

Recently Received Books and Publications ……………………………………..201
Grants and Donations 2019 & 2020 …………………………………………………….203
Document
UNSCR 1325 …………………………………………………………………………………………….205

Thank you to our PIJ intern Jugal Bhinde for his help with this issue

Invitation

We want you to send in articles with inspiring vision, out of the box thinking, new narratives or aspects of conflict resolution.

In other words: Don’t share what you don’t want but what you are striving for.

Please contact us:
info@canaanproject.org

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